Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome Testing

Medical research is finding earlier markers for future health problems, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Some of these indicators include lab testing to identify pre-diabetes (before fasting blood sugar is in the diabetic range) and metabolic syndrome.

Pre-diabetes, without intervention, is likely to become type 2 diabetes within 10 years.

Many people with prediabetes have no symptoms. Progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes isn't inevitable. With lifestyle changes, weight loss, and medications, it's possible to bring a blood sugar level back to normal.

Metabolic syndrome includes high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol levels. The syndrome increases a person's risk for heart attack and stroke. Aside from a large waist circumference, most of the disorders associated with metabolic syndrome have no symptoms. Weight loss, exercise, a healthy diet, and smoking cessation can help. Medications may also be prescribed.